Popular Diets:   Are they effective? Nutrient Based Eating Styles High Protein Usually = High Fat Moderate Low Fat Eating High Carbohydrate, Very Low Fat Diets Heart Smart Related Diets NUTRIENT BASED EATING STYLES 40-30-30, 55-15-30, and 65- 15-15.  No, these are not good picks for the lottery, they are number sequences that represent some popular combinations of the propor- tion of carbohydrate to pro- tein to fat in an "ideal" diet. There is no perfect, one- size-fits-all recommendation for how to choose food by the numbers. HIGH PROTEIN USUALLY = HIGH FAT Men love high protein diets. These eating plans grant permission to chow down on beefy steaks and drink beer. Minnesota Vikings Football coach Dennis Green's high protein diet gained such local acclaim that Minnesota grocery stores started stock- ing pork rinds.  Customers were demanding the never- before-stocked snack item because "Denny eats it." Pork rinds are big on Green's "high protein diet" and he loved sharing how much he enjoyed eating these grease-laden globs of pig skin. The American College of Sports Medicine, the American Dietetic Association, the Women's Sports Foundation and the Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research have released a joint statement saying that high-protein plans are nei- ther the answer for weight loss nor for athletic perform- ance and can cause harm. Here's their reasons: • high protein plans usually recommend 40% of calories from carbohydrates, 30% from protein and 30% from fat - this provides a diet inadequate in some major nutrients, particularly carbo- hydrates. • they do help some people lose weight, only because it provides so few calories. • protein should only make up 10 to 15% of calories per day. The health and diet aisle of your local bookstore is chock full of titles such as Protein Power, The Zone, Healthy for Life, The 5 Day Miracle Diet, and Dr. Atkins' New Diet Revolution, all featuring pro- tein-powered diets.  Such diets have a decidedly famil- iar ring.  They are making a comeback from their heyday in the 1970's.  But people won't lose weight for good now, any more than they did then.  These "new' high pro- tein diets are the same old bad news. Following such an eating plan can result in an immedi- ate and dramatic loss of body fluid.  It's rewarding to see the pounds drop quickly at first, but most dieters think they've lost body fat - not just water.  The build-up of ketones caused by high pro- tein diets can cause fatigue, weakness, headache, irri- tability, bad breath, dehydra- tion and kidney trouble. Ketogenic diets are especial- ly dangerous for older people or those with untreated dia- betes.
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